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The Different Types of Mattresses Explained

by Best Sleep Centre

By: David Keam,
President of Best Sleep


According to Consumer Reports these mattresses are the most enjoyed products people sleep on. It should be noted that the trend is moving toward other types of mattresses such as memory foam, adjustable, and hybrid; but for now, pocket coil and innerspring continues to be the major mattress type.

Innerspring or Pocket Coil Mattresses have been around since the early 1900’s and are constructed of steel coils that compress when weight is applied. Pocket coils help to disperse partner movement and are better suited for larger, heavier people vs. foam mattress that are not.

Pocket Coil Mattresses have coils constructed from metal. These metal cylindrical coils or springs are individually wrapped in a fabric sleeve, which allows them to react to pressure independently instead of all together allowing the individual pocket coils to contour to your body and reduce partner motion transfer.

These mattresses are usually topped with foam and/ or another type of padding. The thickness of this padding varies based on mattress model and price.

View our Pocket Coil Mattresses here.


Invented to be used by NASA in 1966 to improve the safety of aircraft and rocket cushions, memory foam is now commonly used in a variety of commercial products, including mattresses, pillows, carpets, furniture, etc. Today, Memory Foam mattresses are widely used because of their extra cushioning and support that make memory foam ideal for side sleepers and those with chronic pain.

When it comes to comfort, memory foam mattresses have a high rate of customer satisfaction. However, that is not the only reason you want to consider the purchase of a memory foam product. Just a few of the features you should carefully consider include:

Benefits of Memory Foam include:

  • Pressure point relief
  • Correct spinal alignment
  • Significantly reduced motion transfer
  • Dust mite and allergen resistant
  • They work well with adjustable bed bases
  • Incredibly durable if purchased in the proper weight and density for your body weight.

Though memory foam mattresses are usually more expensive, Best Sleep carries options for every budget. All our Restonic Space Foam Mattresses are made of multiple layers of premium foam, offering zoned support and excellent breath-ability.


For those who like memory foam mattresses but find them a bit warm, gel infused foam helps regulate your body temperature. One of the biggest complaints about memory foam is that it traps heat. This is because the foam needs to be dense enough to support your body. However, that denseness limits air flow, which will make your temperature rise. During the night, heat stays trapped in the mattress, and can tend to make you feel hotter. Gel works to counterbalance the heating effects of memory foam. Throughout the night, the gel will absorb the temperature of the material around it, resulting in a cooler sleep.


Latex Mattresses are becoming more and more popular. ‘Real or Natural Latex’ is a far more natural bedding option as natural latex is a product of tree sap from the rubber tree.

Latex is turned into foam when it is aerated to trap bubbles within the material that provides softer and more flexible support evenly throughout the mattress.  Latex is a higher density foam and is used to support larger or heavier people or simply to make sure the mattress stays the way it felt in the store. If you are someone who likes to sink deeply into a mattress, you might like memory foam. If you are a larger/ heavier customer, I recommend considering a latex mattress as it is a stronger and more resilient foam.

Aside from the fact that latex is made using a natural resource, they are also affordable in the long run and feature the durability you need to make the most of your mattress investment. Latex Mattresses offer several unique features:

  • Latex mattresses do not require flipping and rotation
  • Latex mattresses feature minimal off-gassing


Poly-foam, short for polyurethane foam, is the most common foam in mattresses and comes in numerous densities ranging from inexpensive 1.0 lbs. up to base foams which can be as high as 2.0 lbs. and often is used as one of the layers that encase the coils of a pocket coil/ spring mattress. PLEASE watch out for convoluted poly-foam as this is a simple way to make the layer more cheaply. Convoluted foam is the same shape as an egg crate and allows a lot of air volume in the mattress. Air does not provide durability; cheaper mattresses are filled with convoluted or airflow foams.


Some mattresses offer a hybrid composition that includes layers of both springs and foam. Hybrid mattresses can be a great option for those whose preferences fall in the middle of what spring and foam mattresses can offer. A hybrid mattress is a type of mattress that combines two or more support systems, typically a pocket coil system with layers of high-density memory foams or latex. Hybrid mattresses balance the pressure relief of a memory foam mattress with the classic feel of a pocket coil mattress.

Hybrid beds come in a variety of comfort levels, from very firm to soft as a cloud, and span a wide range of prices. Any type of sleeper can find a hybrid that will suit them, although hybrids can be particularly good for side sleepers. Hybrids are typically one-sided and can often be used with an adjustable base.


  • Softer than springs without the “sinking” feeling of foam
  • Offers pressure point relief without compromising on back support
  • Typically, quieter than spring mattress alternatives
  • Regulates temperature better than pure foam mattresses
  • Can work for couples with different firmness preferences

Hybrid mattresses are often the best choice for couples or those who prefer the support of a spring mattress combined with the comfort of a softer foam mattress option.


Pillow Top Mattresses are most often found in innerspring/pocket coil mattresses. A pillow top (or euro top) mattress is generally defined as a mattress with several inches of additional padding sewn into the top. A Pillow Top is generally a minimum of two inches thick to provide additional comfort. This padding can consist of regular foam, memory foam, latex, fiberfill, cotton and/ or wool. Some tops have an integrated appearance with the mattress (euro top) while others appear to be merely lying on top. A non-pillow top mattress, by contrast, often has only minimal to moderate padding.

Pillow Top Mattress are usually more affordable than memory foam or gel. These mattresses are particularly beneficial to side sleepers who have hip and shoulder pressure points. Pillow top mattresses (as all other mattress types) are available in many sizes, including twin, full, queen, and king.

AND remember, as I always tell people, you spend more time in your bed than any other furniture item in your home. A small amount of time spent shopping with intelligent questions and an intelligent salesperson will pay huge dividends by contributing to your comfort and well-being for years to come.

Check out our award-winning selection of Restonic mattresses.

Some great videos for more information:

David Explains a Pocket Mattress - Pt 1

David Explains a Pocket Mattress - Pt 2

David Explains a Hybrid Mattress

Dave Discusses Foam Mattresses

Compare Mattresses and Save

Compare Mattress Ratings

Buyer Tip on Replacing Your Mattress

Buy a Well-Built Bed

Beware of Convoluted Foam